The title ‘Indigo’ focuses our attention on the issue of exploitation of indigo sharecroppers at the hands of cruel British planters. Rajkumar Shukla was resolute, whose persistent efforts brought Gandhiji to Champaran to help the poor farmers. The Champaran episode began as an attempt to ease the sufferings of a large number of poor peasants. Indigo is written by Louis Fischer, who narrates Gandhiji’s struggle at Champaran for the poor people. Two young disciples of Gandhi, Mahadev Desai and Narhari Parikh and their wives volunteered themselves for work. Gandhi set out to see him. Due to continuous efforts of Gandhiji, a committee was formed and 25% money was refunded to the farmers. Then Gandhi asked them about the injustice to the sharecroppers. Q24. How did Gandhi work for the upliftment of education in Champaran villages? Gandhi read a statement pleading guilty and asked the due penalty. The courthouse was surrounded by the peasants demonstrating and the British were unable to control them. the postponement of the trial. Atchoum! Ans. This was the beginning of the triumph of civil disobedience in India. What did the peasants pay the British landlords as rent? 6. The events of this part of the text illustrate Gandhi’s method of working. The sari she was wearing was the only one she had. The peasants produced Indigo on 15% of the land area and according to an old agreement, they had to give it as rent to the landlords. The real relief for them would be to make them free from fear. After reaching Champaran, Gandhiji initiated the civil disobedience movement by refusing to obey the civil orders to quit the place. Gandhiji was full of empathy for the poor peasants and was determined to help them. Ans. The secretary of the British Landlords Association refused to impart any information. He clarified that he disobeyed not to break the law and set a bad example but to render the humanitarian and national service for which he had come to Champaran. ANNIE : Américain... grand... beau! This instilled confidence in farmers and within a few years, the landlords relinquished their claims over the estates. Gandhi vehemently opposed the suggestion and asked them to face the crisis independently. Gandhiji accepted a 25% refund of the money to break the deadlock. Gandhiji came to know about the plight of poor peasants of Champaran. Moreover, the courage that the farmers had shown proved the fact that Indians were coming out of their fears and were ready to fight for their rights. For Gandhi, the amount of the refund was less important than the fact that the landlords had been forced to return part of the money and with it, part of their prestige. To understand the situation at Champaran, Gandhi wanted to understand the of the landlord’s point of view. (a) the people gathered in large numbers, 32. He appealed to teachers and his disciples Mahadev Desai and Narhari Parikh came with their wives, primary schools were opened in six villages. Q12. How did the development of synthetic indigo affect English estate owners? Can you identify some instances of this method and link them to his ideas of Satyagraha and non-violence? Ans:- The shop was in a small by street in a fashionable part of London. We belong to the country of Budha, Nanak, Ram and Krishna. This demonstration around the courthouse was the showcase of the beginning of fearlessness in the farmers. He was a simple and unassuming man. Most of the arable land in Champaran belonged to the English landlords who had signed a long-term contract with the peasants. He was even mistaken as a peasant by Dr Rajendra Prasad’s servants. Rajkumar Shukla was resolute, whose persistent efforts brought Gandhiji to Champaran to help the poor farmers. Later, the case was dropped by the Lt. His refusal to keep his friend Andrews at Champaran to help him emphasized the importance of self-reliance for him. His humility is revealed by his comment on the victory of civil disobedience ‘What I did was a very ordinary thing’. He visited the secretary of the British Landlords Association, but could not get any information. Learn how your comment data is processed. Gandhi’s lawyer friends asked Andrews to stay on and support them. He was received by Prof. J.B. Kriplani, who was a professor at Arts College, along with a large body of students. Subsequently, the Lieutenant-Governor ordered the case to be dropped. Question 1. Thus, all the events at Champaran strengthened the Indian freedom movement. When Gandhi was asked to appear in the court in Motihari, thousands of peasants held a demonstration around the court. Why did Gandhi meet the British official commissioner of the Tirhut division? How did Gandhiji react to the Commissioner’s advice and where did he go? Why did Gandhi meet the Secretary of the British Landlords Association on arriving in Champaran? “The battle of Champaran is won.” When and why did Gandhiji utter these words? But due to the massive support of farmers, the case was dropped. Gandhi was dressed in a simple dhoti and was accompanying a poor peasant. While going to investigate the maltreatment of a peasant in a village near Motihari, Gandhi was ordered to return midway and was served a summons to report to the court the following morning. Q15. Fearing the consequences, the case was postponed and later dropped. Ans. Gandhi signed the receipt and wrote on it that would disobey the order. He was served a summons to appear in the court as he had refused to obey the civil order. Ans. Then he was in Cawnpore and other parts of India. Due to his persistent efforts, he was successful in bringing Gandhi to Champaran after a few months. Forests increase the quality of environment. Gandhiji, first of all, instilled fearlessness and confidence in the farmers. Indigo was the main commercial crop of the area as the landlords forced all the tenants to grow indigo on 15% of their land and surrender the entire crop as rent. ANNIE : Non. ANNIE : Je dois y aller! (120-150 words). When the Sharecroppers heard that a Mahatma had come to help them, they assembled in Motihari in large numbers to see their champion. With the help Desai and Narhari Parikh, their wives, Gandhi’s wife and his son, Gandhi opened schools and taught cleanliness and sanitation. Gandhiji’s first triumph in the form of civil disobedience at Motihari laid the foundations of the Indian Independence Movement. The lawyers at Muzaffarpur also called on him. The entire town of Motihari was flooded with thousands of peasants protesting Gandhi’s arrest. Gandhiji opposed unjust laws. Gandhi was allowed to remain at liberty. Hence he considered the Champaran episode as a turning point in his life. 35. 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